How to reach Andaman & Nicobar Islands?

    • Flight : You have direct daily flights to Port Blair from Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore. And some flights from Visakhapatnam on certain days. Flights from Kolkata & Chennai take roughly 2 hours while the one from Delhi & Mumbai takes 5 hours.
  • Ship : They sail from Chennai, Vizag & Kolkata. There are usually 3-4 sailings every month and the tentative sailing schedule can be found here. Ship voyage takes about 60-70 hours.


Airport : Veer Savarkar International Airport, Port Blair

Flights available from :

  • Delhi
  • Chennai
  • Kolkata
  • Visakhapatnam
  • Bangalore
  • Foreign charter flights are also permitted to land at Port Blair subject to the fulfillment of guidelines of the Director General of Civil Aviation.

All flights from Kolkata & Chennai are direct flights and takes around 2 hours .Flights from Delhi & Mumbai fly via Chennai or Kolkata and take around 5 hours.

Name of Carrier


Air India Kolkata – Port Blair – Kolkata | Chennai – Port Blair – Chennai | Visakhapatnam – Port Blair – Visakhapatnam
Jet Airways Mumbai – Chennai – Port Blair – Chennai – Mumbai | Delhi – Kolkata – Port Blair – Kolkata – Delhi
Go Air Delhi – Kolkata – Port Blair – Kolkata – Delhi | Mumbai – Chennai – Port Blair – Chennai – Mumbai | Bangalore – Port Blair – Bangalore
Spice Jet Delhi – Kolkata – Port Blair – Kolkata – Delhi | Mumbai – Chennai – Port Blair – Chennai – Mumbai

Flight fares: 
Expect flight fares to be anywhere around Rs7,000 (USD140) oneway from Kolkata & Chennai while, Rs10,000 (USD200) oneway from Delhi.


Sea Port : Haddo Wharf Port, Port Blair

Ships available from : Regular passenger ship services are available to Port Blair

  • Chennai
  • Kolkata
  • Visakhapatnam


There are three to four sailings every month from Kolkata and Chennai to Port Blair and vice-versa. There is one sailing for Visakhapatnam in a month. The voyage takes about 3-4 days (60-70 hours ideally) and the ship normally berths at Port Blair for about two to four days.

Ship Schedule:

Normally sailing schedules are announced one month in advance for the Mainland-island sector,5 days in advance for the inter-island (for the southern group of islands ie. Port Blair – Nicobar, Nancowry, Katchal, Campbell Bay) sector and 3 days in advance for the foreshore sector (Port Blair – Diglipur, Mayabunder, Rangat, Neil, Havelock, and Hut Bay).


Like most islands in the Bay of Bengal, Andaman and Nicobar too has a tropical climate with humidity about 80% and temperatures varying from 23 ° C to 31 ° C. The North East Monsoon sets in November where as the South West Monsoon towards the end of May. Whether remains more or less uniform throughout the year with neither extreme hot summers nor chilly winters, hence boating, swimming, snorkeling, sight seeing is open all 12 months an year. May to December is the season for nature lovers as the forest is lush green and water falls are at their prime. December to April is the best season for divers where as bird watchers enjoy mostly the winter months.


There are 572 islands in the territory having an area of 8,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi). Of these, only 38 are permanently inhabited. The islands extends from 6 ° to 14 ° North latitudes and from 92 ° to 94 ° East longitudes. The Andamans are separated from the Nicobar group by a channel (the Ten Degree Channel) some 150 km (93 mi) wide. The highest point is located in North Andaman Island (Saddle Peak at 732 m (2,402 ft)). The Andaman group has 325 islands which cover an area of 6,408 km2(2,474 sq mi) while the Nicobar group has only 24 islands with an area of 1,841  km2(711 sq mi).


The capital of the union territory, Port Blair, is located 1,255 km (780 mi) from Kolkata, 1,200 km (750 mi) from Visakhapatnam and 1,190 km (740 mi) from Chennai. The northernmost point of the Andaman and Nicobars group is 901 km (560 mi) away from the mouth of the Hooghly River and 190 km (120 mi) from Burma. Indira Point at 6° 45′ 10″N and 93° 49′ 36″E at the southern tip of the southernmost island, Great Nicobar, is the southernmost point of India and lies only 150 km (93 mi) from Sumatra in Indonesia.

Islands Of Andaman

Nicobar Islands
Comprising 28 Islands, with an area of 1841 sq km the Nicobar group of Islands is separated from Andamans by the ten degree channel. The Nicobars abound in coconut palms, casuarinas and pandanus. Great and Little Nicobar have dark crab-eating monkeys with long tails. Nicobar pigeons are in plenty. Magapode, a rare bird, is found in Great Nicobar. The southernmost tip of India, ‘Indira Point ‘ is in Great Nicobar Island.

Car Nicobar Islands
Car Nicobar Island is situated 270 km by sea from Port Blair. Comprising of 28 Island, with an area of 1841 sq km. the Nicobar Islands are separated from Andamans by the Ten Degree Channel, The Nicobarese Pigeons in plenty. Megapode, a rare bird is found in Great Nicobar. The southernmost tip of India is not Kanyakumari as has till recently been considered, it is Indira Point in Great Nicobar Island. Nicobar group is out of bounds for foreigners at present. Indians may be given permission in exceptional causes on application.

Great Nicobar
Great Nicobar is situated 540 km by sea from Port Blair. The Great Nicobar island having an area of about 400 sq miles in the southernmost island in this group and is only 90 miles away from Sumatra. Government of India has undertaken the development of this island in a big way and settling large number of people here. Settlement of about 100 families of ex-servicemen in this island has been done in 1970. Still more settlement of ex-servicemen families are in progress.

Katchal is situated 425 km by sea from Port Blair. Katchal is a tiny island in the Nicobar group. It was this island, which heralded the new millennium with the first sunrise on 1st January 2000. This island has beautiful beaches at East bay, Jhula and West bay.

Barren Island
Barren Island is situated 135 km by sea. The only active volcano in India, erupted twice in recent past, once in 1991 and again in 1944-95, after remaining dormant for about 177 years. The island about 3 km, in diameter, is having a big crater of the volcano rising abruptly from the sea, about half kilometer from the shore and is about 150 fathoms deep. The volcano is again dormant. This is presently not on tourist’s itinerary.

Baratang Island
It is around 120 km far from Port Blair. It is one of the main islands of the Andaman group, a closely set in the Bay of Bengal, adjoining the Andaman Sea, Middle Andaman is to its north, and South Andaman to the South. The area of this Island is approximately 238 sq km. This island is rich with wode range of beaches, evergreen forest, colorful birds and butterflies. The roadways journey for Baratang Island is passing through a evergreen dense and connected with vehicle ferries. This island is more commonly referred to as simply ‘Baratang. Baratang holds the natures best treasures gifted to the Islands. Limestone caves, Active Mud Volcano, Tothatekri, Baludera Beach & Roglachang Beach are just a few of them.

Cinque Island
Cinque Island actually comprises two islets, joined by a spectacular sand isthmus, with shallow water either side that covers it completely at high tide. The main incentive to come here is the superlative diving and snorkeling around the reefs. However, heaps of dead coral on the beach attest to damage wreaked by the Indian navy during the construction of the swish ‘cottages’ overlooking the beach. Rumour has it that these were built for the visit of a Thai VIP in 1996, but local government officials now use them as bolt holes from Port Blair. Although there are no ferries to Cinque, it is possible to arrange dinghies from Chiriya Tapu village on South Andaman. Currently, your permit only allows you to spend the day on the island overnight stays are prohibited.

Havelock Island
Havelock island is situateed 38 km from Port Blair. This Island offers beautiful sandy beaches and lush green forest. Island compaing at Radha Nagar is a real exposure to the unpolluted nature for an environment lover. Connected by boat daily from Phoneix Bay Jetty.

North Bay
Whild at Port Blair, the nearest place to view the corals and enchanting marine life is North Bay, at the foothills of Mount Harriet. Coral and marine life can be seen by snorkeling or with the help of glass bottom boats. Swimming should be limited to the shallow waters near the beach. Private boats services are available from Port Blair and the journey take 15 minutes.

Little Andaman Island
Little Andaman Island is situated 120 km from Port Blair. This is practically a virgin land with an area of about 300 sq miles. It is full of very rich timber with scope for development of agriculture, plantation etc. The refugees from East Pakistan and repatriates from Ceylon were wettled in this Island. Andaman & Nicobar Island forest and Plantation Development Corporation, a Govt of India undertaking is harvesting timber and exports logs in large-scale from here.

Long Island 
Long Island is situated 82 km from Port Blair Connected by boat twice a week from Phoenix Bay jetty, offers an excellent sandy beach at Lalji Bay, unpolluted environment and evergreen forests.

Neil Island 
Neil Island is situated 32 km from Port Blair, the beautiful island with lush green forest and sandy beaches is connected by boat from Port Blair four days a week. It will provide an ideal holiday for eco-friendly tourist. A tourist complex will come up here shortly.

Diglipur situated 180 km by sea. Situate North of Mayabunder, it provides a rare experience of sea sun and fun for eco-friendly tourists. It is famous for its oranges, rice and marine life. Kalipur, a sandy beach is being developed as a tourist complex. Saddle Peak, 732 metres, the highest point in the islands is nearby. Kalpang, the only river of Andaman flows from here on which the first hydro – electric project of the islands is coming up. It is connected by two daily boat services from Mayabunder via Kalighat and a boat service form Port Blair twice a week to Aerial Bay Jetty.

Mayabunder is situated 240 km by road and 136 km by sea. Situated in the northern part of Middle Andaman, it has excellent scenic beauty and good beaches. Inhabited by the settlers from Burma, the area near East Pakistan and exconvicts, Mayabunder has a distinct culture. Karmatang beach, a turtle nesting ground, is being developed as tourist complex. Boat and Bus services are available.

Rangat is situated 170 km by road and 90 km by sea. Rangat provides a real attraction for an ecologically conscious tourist, who can enjoy the virgin nature and breathe unpolluted air, a rare commodity for the city dweller. Cuthbest Bay beach, 15km, away has also turtle nesting ground and has been identified for developing a tourist complex.

History Of Andaman

The Chinese knew of the Andaman & Nicobar  Islands over a 1000 years ago and called it the ‘Yeng-t-omag’.  The Andaman & Nicobar Islands also find a place in the first map of the world drawn by Ptolemy, the Roman geographer during the 2nd Century. He called it ‘Angdaman islands (Islands of good fortune). During the 6th C entury I’T Sing, a Buddhistmonk, named it ‘Lo-jen – kuo’ (Land of the Naked). Two Arab travelers during  the 8th Century referred to these  islands  as ‘Lakhabalus or Najabulus ‘(Land of the Naked). The great traveller Marco Polo called it‘Angamanian’.

The Andaman & Nicobar Islands remained the abode of the Negritos and the Mongoloids,  for centuries.



a)  The period of seclusion
b) The British regime
c) The Japanese regime
d) and the Post-Independence period.

The modern history of Andaman & Nicobar Islands can be traced back to 1789 when the Governor General of British India commissioned a survey of these Islands by Lt Archibald Blair, who conducted the first  topo-cum-hydrographical survey and reported suitability for human settlement. Immediately thereafter, in 1790 the first settlement  was  established at Port  Blair (then Port Cornwallis) in the present day Chatham Island by bringing Criminals from undivided India. However, high mortality due to malaria and frequent attacks by aborigines forced the settlement to be shifted to a new port in North Andaman during 1792.  However, due to natural calamities, the British left the Andman & Nicobar Islands by 1796.
Though little is known about Portuguese activities in these islands, it is evident that the Portuguese missionaries started preaching Christianity among the islanders. The Nicobarese language also reflects a few Portuguese words.
The missionaries entered the Nicobar group of Islands in 17th century.In 1756,  the Dutch colonised Nancowry group of Islands and stayed there up to 1787. After several unsuccessful attempts to build up a colony in Nancowry, the Dutch Government ultimately handed over Nicobar group of Islands to the British, who took possession in 1869.andamanIt was in 1857, after India’s First War of Independence, that a penal colony was attempted at Port Blair with an initial lot of 200 freedom fighter who, for the first time, attempted to over throw British rule in India. The Britishers established their colony in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands for the second time in 1858.During this colonization the British Officials and soldiers settled in large groups.
The Britishers sent the convicts from India and Burma to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. They separated the Indians who fought for the country’s independence and were sent to these islands by ships. They were chained and were sent into the dense forests to fell the trees and clear the lands. They were allotted stipulated time and were ordered to complete the works within the stipulated time. The prisoners who protested were hanged to death.

The number of freedom fighters increased to 773 within 3 months.The famous “Battle of Aberdeen” between civilized men and Stone Age aborigines of Andamans was fought on 14th May 1859 at Aberdeen Bazaar. During 1869 – 70 many Wahabi Movement activists who rose against the British rule were deported from the Central and United Provinces of undivided India to Andaman.  One amongst them was Mohd. Sher Ali Khan (a Pathan),who assassinated Lord Mayo, the Viceroy and Governor General of India on 08 February  1872 at Hope Town Jetty.  Later,in the same year, Sher Ali Khan was executed in Viper Island by the British.


The first Prison and Hangman’s Noose were built at a small island named Viper. There were no sufficient cells to prison the convicts at Viper Island. Therefore, on 13 September 1893, the British Government of India, ordered the construction of Cellular jail to accommodate 600 prisoners. Prior to construction of the Cellular Jail, male convicts were held on Viper Island and women convicts at South Point.Then occurred the great uprising of moplahs, the Moplah Rebellion during 1921. About 1400 Moplahs mosly from Muslim dominated districts of Ernad, Walluvanad and Calicut of Kerala were sent to Andamans with their families for rebelling against the British rule.

During World War 2 ,  the British abandoned these Islands in a haste due to  advancing Japanese Forces, allowing Japanese occupation of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Japanese brutally ruled the territory for 4 years from 1942 to 1945. During this period, Japanese built heavy Military infrastructure in  these  Islands.

Port Blair harbour was used as a forward surveillance base for Sea planes of the Japanese forces. A few months after the Japanese occupation, allied forces succeeded in blocking Sea lanes threatening the Island population to the brink of starvation. Japanese successfully averted the disaster through enforced intensive community of farming of tubers like tapioca and sweet potato. Extensive road network expansion was also undertaken at that time for connecting Port Blair outlying villages and cultivate land.

On  7th  October 1945, the  Armada carrying 116 Indian infantry brigade of South East Asian allied Land force under the command of Brigadier A.J. Solomon surrounded Port Blair, compelling about 20,000 Japanese soldiers to surrender on 9th  October 1945.

With the advent of Indian Independence on 15th August 1947, these islands were merged with the Indian main stream.